Webliography is an enumerative list of hypertext links and a gateway to the scientific sources of information on the Internet pertaining to some topic, object or theme.
webliography is a word which cannot be found in a standard Webster's or Oxford dictionary. In its better-known definition, it denotes a catalogued list of hypertext links enclosing a common subject or theme. . Webliographies are in fact digital equivalents of bibliographies (printed lists of information sources). Bibliographies are secondary sources among print media and Webliographies are the same on the Internet.


Studying information retrieval literature it is clear that research studies have been based on the application of automated mechanisms, i.e. development of the Internet search engines. In other words researches and solutions are mainly focused on machine based results. But yet data or information retrieval is a big issue as Internet is growing very fast and machine base mechanism may fail due to their inaccuracy in data retrieval.
Therefore, regarding the unsatisfactory progress of the automated mechanism of information and data retrieval on the Internet, information professionals have had a mere glance at the human-oriented approach as another way to improve online information retrieval. They have concerned with non-automated and semi-automated mechanisms, i.e. development of web directories as additional solutions. Some manual techniques/search tools are developed and tested, such as webliographies. These webliographies contained hyperlinks and gateways to topics under consideration. A single webliography web page can now save a large amount of time and efforts.


Why do we concern with webliographies? In other words, is the development of webliographies rational or reasonable in an age of intelligent retrieval systems?
A brief review of the past studies on Webliographies can provide us with a clearer picture of the state of the art and importance of Webliographies. Searching the databases of library and information science and related fields shows that the amount of literature about webliographies is not significant and more studies need to be done. Most of the published articles on webliographies are in fact printed forms of controlled webliographies in a wide range of various topics. In other words, their authors have tried to identify, assess, select, collect, systematize and publish lists of accredited web sites on the context of specialized journals.
The first theoretical text on webliographies was written by S.R. Harris (1997). He urged librarians to take an active role in providing subject access to information on the Internet, discussed those aspects of bibliography that are related to online information resources, and projected webliography as an important responsibility for librarians. In addition, he stressed that librarians should not only create useful products for the user, but should also develop knowledge of the particular online literature. This available literature can be useful in providing orientation and instructional services to their area.
Marino (1998) discussed the use of webliographies as set of Internet sites on a particular subject, to help students find relevant and helpful sources on the World Wide Web. Also, she tinted the validity of information sources; developing criteria for evaluating information; how to set up a webliography web page; and HTML commands.

How to create a webliography?

In order to create a webliography a deep search work is to be done using search engines such as Google or Yahoo. When web site, relating to particular topic are obtain they are added to web page, and described by a brief description to each link. A good webliography must contain followings:

  • A specific topic (general topics should not be selected)
  • A relevant title
  • An Introduction to page
  • A table of contents
  • Established hyperlinks
  • Description to each web link
  • Introduction (webliographer)

the webliographer should at last introduce himself so that he could be contacted by the end users for feedback. An example of webliography is given below.
[Webliography of EE resources]

See also



Designing Webliography

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